Southern Right Whale
The southern right whale reaches the coasts of Chubut in June to mate and have their calves. The Valdés Peninsula and Puerto Madryn (Chubut) are the best places to watch them from boats or from the coast, although you can also watch them from other points in Patagonia.
Humpback, Minke and Sei Whales
In addition to the southern right whale, you can discover other giants of the sea on the Argentine coasts. In Las Grutas (Río Negro), Punta Marqués (Chubut) and the Beagle Channel (Tierra del Fuego), there are boat navigation tours and viewpoints to spot them.
Killer whales In Patagonia, killer whales are famous for hunting sea lions and elephant seals, by swimming almost completely out to the shore. This technique is known as “intentional stranding”. The best place to see them is in Valdés Peninsula (Chubut): during October and November in Caleta Valdés, and from mid-March to the beginning of May, in Punta Norte. To see a killer whale in action requires patience and luck. The intentional stranding always takes place with high tide; therefore, it is better to be in the area a couple of hours before the high tide begins and also to stay for a while after it finishes.
These are the world's most beautiful dolphins. There are boat navigation tours from different points in Patagonia to ride along with them. Puerto Deseado and Puerto San Julián (Santa Cruz), and Rawson (Chubut) are good points to spot them.
Dusky dolphin and peale's dolphin
These are the most commonly observed dolphins in our waters. To find them, you can ride one of the different boat navigation tours offered at various points in Buenos Aires and Patagonia.
The elephant seal is the largest of all seals and can be seen in Patagonia from July until April, but the best season is the end of September and October, when you can watch five-ton males battling over females. The Valdes Peninsula and Escondida Island (Chubut) are the best places to find elephant seals.
There are two species in Argentina: the South American sea lion can be easily seen from Mar del Plata down to Tierra del Fuego. The South American fur seal has more localised colonies, and a good place to see them is in the Beagle Channel (Tierra del Fuego).
The Magellanic penguin is a symbol of Patagonia. There are several penguin colonies you can visit from Río Negro to Ushuaia. If you choose to go from September to December, you will watch the penguins with their eggs and chicks. The penguin colony in Punta Tombo (Chubut) is the most famous one, but you can also visit the colonies in the Valdés Peninsula and Cape Dos Bahías (Chubut). The Magellanic penguin can also be found on Pinguino Island and in Monte León National Park (Santa Cruz), as well as on Martillo Island in the Beagle Channel (Tierra del Fuego), where you will also encounter gentoo penguins and king penguins.
Rockhopper penguins are eye-catching and less known than Magellanic penguins. On Pinguino Island in Puerto Deseado (Santa Cruz), you will find the only reproductive colony close to the continent. You can get there on boat navigation tours. During December, you can watch the penguins together with their chicks.
Visit a small reproductive colony of gentoo penguins on Martillo Island in the Beagle Channel (Tierra del Fuego). King penguins can also be seen there from time to time.
Lesser rheas are the Patagonian cousins of the greater rhea. You can watch them in groups all over the Patagonian steppe and coast.
The biggest colony of burrowing parrots in the world can be found in El Cóndor Beach, which can be reached following the Route of the Cliffs (Río Negro). Thousands of couples excavate their nest on cliffs facing the sea, creating a unique spectacle you can witness from the beach.
Guanacos are a distant relative of the camel and are considered a symbol of Argentina's fauna. They can be found all the way from Tierra del Fuego to San Juan and La Rioja. The best places to watch them are the Valdés Peninsula, and the national parks of Los Glaciares, Perito Moreno and Patagonia (Santa Cruz), Laguna Blanca (Neuquén), Lihué Calel (La Pampa) and Talampaya (La Rioja), Laguna El Diamante (Mendoza) and the Ischigualasto Provincial Park (San Juan).
There are three commonly-found fox species: the culpeo fox in Tierra del Fuego and Santa Cruz, the Pampa fox, from Patagonia to Córdoba and San Luis, and the crab-eating fox in Entre Ríos, Corrientes, Misiones, Chaco and Formosa.
There are almost 10 species of armadillos in Argentina. The most common species are the hairy armadillo in Patagonia and the seven-banded armadillo in Buenos Aires, Entre Ríos and Corrientes.
There are two species of flamingos: the Andean flamingo and the Jame's flamingo. Big reproductive colonies can be found in the lakes of the Puna. Brava Lake (La Rioja), Ansenuza National Park (Córdoba), Laguna de Llancanelo (Mendoza) and Pozuelos Lake (Jujuy) are the best places to watch these flamingos.
Birds of the puna
In spring and summer, thousands of aquatic birds gather in the lakes of the Puna. Many will only be found in this environment, such as the giant coo, the horned coot, the Andean goose and the Puna teal. Brava Lake (La Rioja) and Pozuelos Lake (Jujuy) are the best places to spot them.
Cardon cactus blossom
In spring and summer, they get covered with beautiful flowers. You can see them throughout the northeast of Argentina, but the Los Cardones National Park (Salta) is a must-see.
Jacaranda tree blossom
The jacaranda is Argentina's arboreal emblem. It is native to the Yungas jungle where it starts to bloom towards the end of the winter. In the City of Buenos Aires, it begins to bloom in November, covering the streets and parks with its distinctive purple flowers.
Pink trumpet tree blossom
These trees start to bloom towards the end of the winter and their pink, white and yellow tops, embellishing jungles, parks and streets, are a spectacle worth seeing. In Misiones, they bloom in July, whereas in Corrientes, Chaco, Formosa and the Yungas, they bloom in August and September. In the City of Buenos Aires, the pink trumpet tree blooms in October.
Vicuna shearing festival
Live-shearing is an ancient ritual. Communities gather to herd and shear vicunas taking care not to hurt them. In Catamarca, you can participate in the Chaku in some communities of El Peñón, Calalaste, Antofalla (Antofagasta de la Sierra) and Laguna Blanca.
Migration of the great southern white
Do butterflies migrate? Yes, they migrate in the summer. You can see thousands of great Southern white butterflies flying away from different points in the north of Argentina. It is not easy to predict when and where they will fly, but it is worth keeping an eye on them.
They live in groups in the forests and jungles of the north. They can be seen in the Iberá Wetlands (Corrientes), Jaaukanigás (Santa Fe) and in the National Parks: Chaco and El Impenetrable (Chaco), Pilcomayo (Formosa) and Mburucuyá (Corrientes). Listen for their loud howling at dawn and dusk. It is the best way to find them.
The brocket is a small deer. You can probably spot them if you walk quietly along the Iberá paths, the Mburucuyá National Park and other protected areas.
Also known as the Paraguayan anaconda (a relative of the green anaconda), the yellow anaconda is the largest serpent in Argentina. It can measure up to four metres! Although they are active throughout the year, it is easier to find them during the winter, when they go out to lie in the sun. The best places to see them are the La Estrella Wetlands (Formosa) and the Iberá Wetlands (Corrientes).
They can be watched throughout the year in all regions of the country. At certain times, they gather in huge flocks to feed, especially in La Estrella Wetlands. The bird in the photo is a jaribu, the biggest bird in the Americas. Another good place to see them is in the Ansenuza National Park.
South american coati
Even though they can be found in most parts of the north region of Argentina, the best place to see them is in Iguazú National Park (Misiones), where they usually wander among tourists searching for food. Remember that you shouldn't feed them as they may get sick or bite you.
In the Atlantic rainforest, you can find five species of toucans. The toco toucan is the most common species and you can easily spot them while walking around the waterfalls in the Iguazú National Park. Green-billed toucans and chestnut-eared aracaris are also found in the area. During the winter, it is normal to watch them in parks and gardens searching for food.
About 12 species of hummingbirds live in the Misiones jungle, and although they are seen all year round, in winter (when there are fewer flowers in the jungle) they visit gardens and parks. In Puerto Iguazú you can see them in flowerbeds, in the flowers of urban trees and in some gardens that receive visits from the public.
Mixed-species Bird Flocks
Between May and August, many small bird species gather in the jungle to search for food together. Beautiful species like the tanger and the chlorophonia can be seen. If you enjoy watching birds, it is a great opportunity to meet them. Where? In the Iguazú National Park, in Yabotí and Moconá, Salto Encantado, Urugua-í and other natural areas in Misiones.
The Atlantic rainforest is a paradise of butterflies. Although you can see them all year round, there are many more when the weather gets warm and humid, and after the rain. Where? In the Iguazú National Park, in Yabotí and Moconá, Salto Encantado, Urugua-í and other natural areas in Misiones.
Ibirá Pytá Blossom
This giant tree blooms in January and its yellow top stands out in the Atlantic rainforest. In the Cruce Caballero Provincial Park, near San Pedro (a wild natural reserve in Misiones) there is a huge ibirá pytá tree of more than 600 years old.
It is the largest woodpecker in South America and a symbol of the Andean-Patagonian forest. It can be found in the following national parks: Nahuel Huapi, Lanin, Lago Puelo, Los Alerces, Los Glaciares, Perito Moreno and Tierra del Fuego.
It is the most iconic native deer of Patagonia. The huemul is an endangered species difficult to see, but you might be lucky and spot one on the pathways of the Perito Moreno and Los Glaciares National Parks.
Andean Forest in Autumn
In autumn, just before losing their leaves, the lenga beech, the Antarctic beech, the rauli beech and the Patagonian oak turn yellow, orange and red creating an amazing landscape. You can enjoy the view in the following national parks: Nahuel Huapi, Lanin, Lago Puelo, Los Alerces, Los Glaciares, Perito Moreno and Tierra del Fuego.
Inca Lily Blossom (+ info)
In summer, this plant from the Patagonian forest blooms all over the region, creating a beautiful scenery.
Each year, thousands of migratory birds arrive from Canada, USA and the north of South America to feed or breed. Some of the best places to watch them include Punta Rasa, the Patagonian Coast Road, Costa Atlántica Natural Reserve and Mar Chiquita Lake.
The greater rhea is the South American cousin of the ostrich, and you can find them in many areas in Buenos Aires, La Pampa, Entre Ríos and Corrientes. The best places to see them are the Iberá, El Palmar and Mburucuyá National Parks.
The viscacha is a symbol of Argentina's fauna. You can see it all year round in the El Palmar National Park and the Iberá National Park.
Cockspur Coral Tree Blossom
The cockspur coral tree is Argentina's national flower. Its red flowers are amazing to see in spring. You can see them in many places, such as the Costanera Sur Ecological Reserve or the Ciervo de los Pantanos National Park.
Victoria Water Lily Blossom
It is the largest water plant in the world. Its big flowers open up when the sun sets, and they last two days. A great place to see them is the Pre-Delta National Park.
Migration of the Streaked Prochilod
Although sometimes the streaked prochilod goes unnoticed, it is a very important species that gives life to the whole La Plata River basin. In December, you can see huge schools of streaked prochilods swimming in the Paraná River between Buenos Aires and Chaco.
Argentine Flag Butterfly
With white and light blue wings, resembling the Argentine flag, this butterfly is a symbol of our fauna. You can find it in the summer in the El Palmar National Park, the Costanera Sur Ecological Reserve, in Punta Indio area and other areas in Buenos Aires and Entre Ríos.
Red Deer Rut
In the Luro Park in La Pampa, you can find the red deer rut, a species introduced from Europe that has become part of La Pampa's cultural heritage.
Chilean flamingos can be found in different places, but the largest reproductive colonies live in Mar Chiquita Lake. It is a must-see spectacle.
Palermo Rose Garden in Bloom
In spring, the rose garden in Palermo is in full bloom with thousands of roses of different colours. The rose garden is one of the must-see attractions in Buenos Aires.